Brain Drain – A Global Phenomenon

The most serious and significant issue in front of every state of the world is the issue of brain drain. It is a non-reversible intricacy which is followed by a huge loss. A direct loss of the economy and hence the country itself. There are many such cases of occurrence of brain drain which has to be avoided!

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Brain drain can also called as “The human capital flight”. It can be simply defined as the huge  emigration of highly skilled people from one country to the other. There are many reasons to the occurrence of this phenomenon, for example-political instability of a nation, lack of opportunities, health risks, personal conflicts, and many such other reasons which compels the citizens to leave a particular place. It resembles the case of capital flight, in which mass migration of financial capital is involved.

Brain Drain: People moving from one country to the other is a situation of Brain Drain to that country.

Brain Gain: People migrating to a country and settling down to that country is a situation of brain gain to that country.

The term brain-drain was introduced by observing the emigration of the various technologists, doctors and scientists, from various developing countries to more developed nations. Now this phenomenon of brain drain has a conversed effect for a country in which people are getting migrated and brain-drain of a nation becomes brain-gain for that particular country. Usually all developing countries including India are suffering from brain drain and developed countries are having brain gain from this phenomenon.

The only solution to prevent the phenomenon is to understand the core reason behind human migration. This reason may wary with time. One more way to prevent this act is to understand the need of young minds and to give them enough opportunities.

Brain Drain in a sense is very dangerous and has to be prevented from the administrative side.

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